Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder that causes brain cells to degenerate and die. It is the most common cause of dementia that is a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills that disrupts a person's ability to function independently.
INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE
The prevalence OF individuals aged 71 and older was 14% comprising about 3.4 million individuals in the USA in 2002. The corresponding values for AD were 9.7% and 2.4 million individuals. Dementia prevalence increased with age, from 5.0% of those aged 71–79 years to 37.4% of those aged 90 and older.
The exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not known.
Some of the factors which may cause the disease are:
Acetylcholine, Somatostatin, Norepinephrine
Cigarette smoking, Certain Infections, Metals, Industrial or other toxins, Use of cholesterol lowering drugs
-Genetic and Immunological Factors
Oxidized LDL receptor 1 and Angiotensin 1-converting enzyme, are tied to the way the brain cells bind to Apolipoprotein4 (APOE4) and reduce buildup of harmful proteins, known as plaques, in the brain.
Down's syndrome, Family History, Chronic high BP, Head injuries, Smoking and Drinking
STAGES AND SYMPTOMS
Stage 1: No Impairment
During this stage, Alzheimer’s is not detectable and no memory problems or other symptoms of dementia are evident.
Stage 2: Very Mild Decline
Patient may notice minor memory problems or lose things around the house.The person will still do well on memory tests and the disease is unlikely to be detected by loved ones or physicians.
Stage 3: Mild Decline
At this stage, the family members and friends of the senior may begin to notice cognitive problems. Performance on memory tests are affected and physicians will be able to detect impaired cognitive function, Finding the right word during conversations, Organizing and planning. They may also frequently lose personal possessions, including valuables.
Stage 4: Moderate Decline
Have difficulty with simple arithmetic, Have poor short-term memory , Inability to manage finance and pay bills, forget details about their life histories.
Stage 5: Moderately Severe Decline
People begin to need help with many day-to-day activities.They may experience:
Difficulty dressing appropriately, Inability to recall simple details about themselves, Significant confusion.
They typically can still bath and toilet independently and usually still know their family members and some of the detail about their personal histories, especially their childhood and youth.
Stage 6: Severe Decline
They need constant supervision and frequently require professional care.
Confusion or unawareness of environment and surroundings, Inability to recognize faces except for the closest friends and relatives, Inability to remember most details of personal history, Loss of bladder and bowel control, Personality changes and potential behavior problems.
The need for assistance with activities of daily living such as toileting and bathing.
Stages 7: Very Severe Decline
It is the final stage of Alzheimer’s because the disease is a terminal illness, they are nearing death.
In this stage people lose the ability to communicate or respond to their environment While they may still be able to utter words and phrases, they have no insight into their condition and need assistance with all activities of daily living.They may lose their ability to swallow
Maintain blood pressure
Keep cholesterol levels under control
Eat a balanced diet
Do exercise daily
Take care of your mental health.
Use thinking (cognitive) skills, such as memory skills.
Specific usage of Brahmi, Shankpushpi
Yognidra, Anulom Vilom, Kapalbhati, Halasana